TIP Award Year:
Irén Ádámné Dunai is the Deputy Head of the Department for Gender Equality at the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor in Hungary. She has been an advocate for anti-trafficking efforts, utilizing her position to influence governmental support of anti-trafficking efforts. She set up an arrangement in 2005 between the ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to provide a residential shelter for trafficking victims. This shelter was Hungary’s first, and held fifty beds. Furthermore, the agreement she negotiated involved government funding for services to be provided by the shelter. There is a working group on human trafficking in Hungary that is inter-ministerial, which she helped to found. With her assistance, the national hotline was created in 2005. Between 2005 and 2010, the hotline had referred over 70 people directly to the shelter. Acknowledging the limitations of providing a centrally-located shelter, she has trained workers from crisis centers at the borders on human trafficking response, and victims are often referred directly from those crisis centers to the 50 bed facility. She has also opened a second shelter in Hungary, which became operational in 2009.
In the 2014 TIP Report, Hungary was listed as a Tier 2 country. It is a source, destination, and transit country for both sex trafficking and forced labor. The Roma population in Eastern Hungary is especially vulnerable. Hungarian men are found in forced labor situations all over Europe. Despite a new 2013 criminal code, the laws of Hungary are not completely in compliance with anti-trafficking standards. Victim support is still a large problem, and there are not enough resources provided.